 

ᠨᠡᠪᠲᠡᠷᠡᠬᠠᠢ ᠲᠤᠯᠢ  ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠨ ᠵᠤᠨ ——ᠠ᠊ · ᠤᠳᠼᠠᠷ

2019-07-28 09:40
  1323
  0
 

  ᠠ‍ · ᠤᠳᠼᠠᠷ ᠂ 1924 ᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠠᠳᠠ ᠬᠤᠳᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠷᠢᠨ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠰᠢᠭᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠳᠦᠷᠦᠵᠠᠢ ᠃ 1946 ᠤᠨ ᠤ 5 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠰᠬᠠᠯ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠯᠴᠠᠵᠤ ᠂ 1946 ᠤᠨ ᠤ 10 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠢᠯᠦᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠦ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠳᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠵᠦ ᠂ 1947 ᠤᠨ ᠤ 9 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠪ ᠬᠠᠮᠳᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠡᠯᠰᠡᠭᠳᠡᠪᠡ ᠃ ᠤᠷᠢᠳ ᠬᠤᠵᠢᠳ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠳᠦᠷᠦ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠂ ᠪᠠᠷᠢᠭᠠᠳ᠋ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠬᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠰᠤᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠤᠬᠠᠭᠤᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠭᠤᠷᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠪᠦᠯᠭᠦᠮ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠳᠤᠰᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡᠯᠡᠵᠦ ᠂1957 ᠤᠨ ᠤ 10 ᠰᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠠᠩᠭᠢ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠬᠠᠯᠠᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠂ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠪᠯᠡᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠂ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠳᠠᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ︔ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠯᠪᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠡᠳ᠋ ᠳᠠᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠂ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠯᠪᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠪᠯᠡᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠦᠨᠳᠤᠳᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠢᠭᠦᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ︔ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠢᠨ ᠤ ᠬᠤᠯᠪᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡ ᠳᠤᠰᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠢ ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠭᠡᠯᠡᠵᠦ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠪᠠ ᠃ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠪᠯᠡᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠤᠷᠪᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠂ ᠳᠦᠷᠪᠡᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠭ ᠡᠷᠭᠢᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠂ ᠳᠠᠪᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠂ ᠵᠢᠷᠭᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠦᠭᠦ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ ᠂ ᠨᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠦᠨᠳᠤᠳᠤ ᠭᠡᠰᠢᠭᠦᠨ ᠪᠠᠢᠪᠠ ᠃ 1948 ᠤᠨ ᠡᠴᠡ ᠡᠭᠢᠯᠡᠨ ᠤᠷᠠᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠳᠦᠭᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠭᠢᠵᠦ ᠂ 1956 ᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠪᠯᠡᠯ ᠭᠢᠭᠡᠳ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠢ ᠵᠦᠴᠦᠭᠡᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠡᠢᠭᠡᠮᠯᠢᠭ ᠳᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠵᠦ ᠂ 1984 ᠤᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠡᠷ ᠳᠡᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠦᠨᠡᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠵᠡᠢ ᠃
ᠠ᠊ · ᠤᠳᠼᠠᠷ ᠪᠤᠯ ᠮᠠᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠳᠤ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠦᠨᠳᠤᠰᠤᠳᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠳᠤᠭᠤᠵᠢᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠮᠠᠭᠠᠢ ᠳᠦᠯᠦᠭᠡᠯᠡᠭᠴᠢ ᠂ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠦᠨᠳᠤᠰᠤᠳᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠰᠢᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢᠯᠠᠭᠴᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠂ ︽ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠶᠡᠭᠡ ᠨᠠᠪᠳᠠᠷᠭᠡᠢ ᠳᠤᠯᠢ ︾ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠰᠤᠩᠭᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯᠴᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠨᠢᠭᠡ ᠪᠤᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠲᠠᠪᠢᠭᠠᠳ ᠵᠢᠯ ‍ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠷᠰᠢ ᠂ ᠳᠠᠷᠠ ᠷᠤᠮᠠᠨ ᠂ ᠳᠤᠭᠤᠵᠢ ᠂ ᠦᠭᠦᠯᠡᠯᠭᠡ ᠂ ᠨᠠᠢᠷᠠᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯ ᠂ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠨᠤᠯ ᠰᠢᠭᠦᠮᠵᠢ ᠂ ᠶᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠳᠤ ᠵᠦᠴᠦᠭᠡ ᠂ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯᠳᠤ ᠵᠦᠴᠦᠭᠡ ᠂ ᠺᠢᠨᠤ᠋ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠤᠷᠠᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠡᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠦᠷᠦᠯ ᠰᠲ᠋ᠸᠯᠢ ᠪᠠᠷ30 ᠳᠡᠪᠳᠡᠷ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠳᠦᠭᠡᠵᠦ ᠂ ᠨᠡᠢᠳᠡ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ‍ᠤᠨ ᠲᠤᠭ᠎ᠠ ︵ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠂ ᠭᠢᠳᠡᠳ ᠭᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠪᠦᠷ ᠪᠠᠭᠳᠠᠨ᠎ᠠ ︶ ᠨᠢ 800 ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠢ ᠳᠦᠮᠨ ᠭᠦᠷᠴᠡᠢ ᠃ ᠨᠠᠨᠳᠢᠩᠨᠠᠭᠤᠰᠢᠳᠠᠢ ᠨᠢ ᠂ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠪᠦᠳᠦᠭᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠴᠦᠮ ᠭᠢᠳᠠᠳ ᠂ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠬᠤᠶᠠᠷ ᠭᠡᠯᠡ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠭᠳᠠᠵᠦ ᠭᠡᠪᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠭᠰᠨᠨ ᠶᠠᠪᠤᠳᠠᠯ ᠪᠤᠯᠤᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠃ ᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ︽ ᠠᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠤᠪᠢ ︾ ᠂ ︽ ᠮᠤᠷᠢᠳᠤ ᠴᠡᠷᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠᠯ ︾ ᠂ ︽ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠭᠡᠦᠭᠡᠨ ︾ ᠵᠡᠷᠭᠡ ᠮᠠᠰᠢ ᠤᠯᠠᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠪᠦᠳᠦᠭᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠨᠡᠩ ᠴᠤ ᠦᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠤᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠴᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠯᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠦᠷᠢᠶᠡᠯᠡᠯ ᠢ ᠤᠯᠤᠭᠰᠠᠨ ᠶᠤᠮ ᠃ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ‍ᠤᠨ ᠰᠤᠶᠤᠯ ‍ᠤᠨ ᠬᠡᠪᠯᠡᠯ ‍ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ︽ ᠠ᠊ · ᠤᠳᠼᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠪᠤᠷᠢ ︾ ᠭᠡᠮᠡᠨ ᠭᠢᠳᠡᠳ ‍ᠢᠶ᠋ᠡᠷ 12 ᠪᠤᠳᠢ ᠂ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ‍ᠢᠶ᠋ᠡᠷ 10 ᠪᠤᠳᠢ ᠭᠡᠪᠯᠡᠬᠦᠯᠵᠦ ᠂ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠠᠷᠤᠭ ᠪᠤᠢ ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠢ ᠵᠤᠬᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠪᠦᠳᠦᠭᠡᠯ ‍ᠢ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠷᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠤᠭᠤᠯᠵᠠᠢ ᠃
ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠦᠭᠡᠨ ᠪᠤᠰᠤ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠪᠦᠳᠦᠭᠡᠯ ᠨᠢ ᠠᠩᠭᠯᠢ ᠂ ᠹᠷᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠂ ᠶᠠᠫᠤᠨ ᠂ ᠢᠲ᠋ᠠᠯᠢ ᠂ ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠂ ᠰᠤᠯᠤᠩᠭᠤᠰ ᠭᠡᠯᠠᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠤᠷᠴᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠨᠨ ᠪᠠ ᠺᠢᠷᠢᠯ ᠦᠰᠦᠭ ᠳᠤ ᠭᠦᠷᠪᠡᠭᠦᠯᠦᠭᠳᠡᠵᠦ ᠂ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠳᠤᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠭᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠤ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠭᠡᠪᠯᠡᠭᠳᠡᠨ ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠭᠠᠭᠳᠠᠵᠠᠢ ᠃ ᠡᠨᠡ ᠨᠢ ᠦᠪᠠᠷᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠢᠯᠡᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭᠯᠡᠯ ᠮᠠᠨᠳᠤᠯ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠳᠤᠪᠤᠢᠮ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠳᠭᠦᠯ ᠦᠵᠡᠭᠦᠯᠵᠦ ᠂ ᠡᠭᠡ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠤᠰᠤᠳᠡᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠷᠠᠨ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠦᠭᠡᠨ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠭᠦᠨᠳᠤᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠢᠩ ᠳᠠᠢ ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠰᠤ ᠵᠢ ᠨᠡᠮᠡᠷᠢᠯᠡᠵᠡᠢ ᠃
   ᠦᠪᠠᠷᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠨ ᠪᠠᠢᠭᠤᠯᠤᠭᠳᠠᠭᠰᠠᠨ 50 ᠵᠢᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠦᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠳ᠋ᠤ ᠳᠠᠷᠠ ᠦᠪᠠᠷᠳᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠤᠷᠤᠨ ᠤ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠮᠤᠭ ‍ᠤᠨ ᠦᠨᠳᠤᠷ ᠱᠠᠩᠨᠠᠯ  ᠠᠩᠬᠠᠳᠤᠭᠠᠷ ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ‍ᠤ ︽ ᠳᠤᠪᠤᠢᠮ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠤᠪᠢ ᠨᠠᠮᠠᠷᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠩᠨᠠᠯ ︾ ᠢ ᠭᠦᠷᠳᠡᠪᠠ ᠃ ᠠ᠊ · ᠤᠳᠼᠠᠷ ᠭᠤᠸᠠᠢ ᠱᠠᠩᠨᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠮᠦᠩᠭᠦ ᠪᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠨ ᠢ ᠦᠪᠤᠷ ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠤᠷᠠᠯᠢᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢ ᠮᠦᠩᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠠᠢᠭᠡᠮᠯᠢᠭ ᠳᠤ ᠡᠷᠭᠦᠵᠤ ᠂ ᠰᠠᠭᠤᠷᠢ ᠮᠦᠩᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠡᠢᠭᠡᠮᠯᠢᠭ ᠨᠢ ᠳᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠪᠠᠷ ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠢᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ ︽ ᠠ᠊ · ᠤᠳᠼᠠᠷ ᠤᠳᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠤᠭᠢᠶᠠᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠱᠠᠩᠨᠠᠯ ︾ ᠢ ᠭᠠᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠢ ᠃



  
     
     